What is “Specialty” Dentistry?
Unlike general dentistry, specialty dentistry is dentistry that requires specific training and certification beyond basic dental needs. There are a variety of specialized dentist, and you’ve probably heard of the most common ones, like orthodontists. But there are also specialized dentists specifically for common procedures like root canals.
What are Common Procedures that Require a Specialty?
One of the most common dental procedures is a root canal. Root canals are performed by endodontists, who specialize in treating the “canal” inside of the teeth where blood vessels and tissue– also called “pulp” tissue– connect the tooth to the gum.
There are also a variety of oral surgeries that require a specialized dentist. Some of these procedures can only be done by an oral surgeon at a dedicated oral surgery facility. But other procedures can be performed by a dentist with certain certifications, including simple tooth extractions.
At Premier Dental Care, we have specialized dentists and dentists certified for both root canal therapy and simple tooth extraction.
How Do You Know When You Need a Root Canal?
Sometimes the pulp tissue inside a tooth can become inflamed or infected. This usually results in intense pain. Left untreated, the infection can create an abscess and spread. It’s important to visit a dentist whenever you have severe pain in a tooth so they can diagnose and treat the issue, whether that issue is a root canal infection or not.
How Does a Root Canal Work?
Root canal therapy– more commonly just called a root canal– is usually thought of as a highly painful procedure. But a root canal is actually a standard procedure at many dentist’s office and is no more painful than a filling.
Like with a filling, the area around the tooth is first numbed with a local anesthetic. The dentist then drills an opening into the tooth to get to the pulp tissue. The infected tissue is cleared away and the canal is cleaned. Then the canal is filled with a root canal filling that’s biocompatible with the tooth and the hole is sealed with cement.
How Do You Know When You Need a Tooth Extracted?
In order to know if you need a tooth extraction, you need to be diagnosed by a dentist. They may recommend an extraction if:
- You have teeth blocking the way of adult teeth coming in or need to make room for teeth that will be moved by braces
- You need your wisdom teeth removed either before they come in to prevent impaction, or after if they become infected
- You need an infected tooth removed before getting an organ transplant or before undergoing radiation therapy for cancer
Some extractions can only be done by an oral surgeon. If you need a tooth removed, your dentist will be able to tell you if the extraction can be done in the office, or they can refer you to an oral surgeon.
How Do You Get a Tooth Extracted?
There are two kinds of extractions– simple and surgical.
- A simple extraction involves loosening the tooth with a specialized instrument before simply removing it with forceps.
- A surgical extraction are usually done only by oral surgeons. The tooth may need to be removed along with surrounding tissue, requiring that they cut through the gum and possibly even bone.